What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are organic compounds that are produced by a variety of plants. You encounter terpenes everyday.
When you zest an orange or open a container full of herbs, terpenes are what you smell.
Terpenes are what give flowers, herbs, and fruit their own unique scent and flavor. They are aromatic compounds that when inhaled, applied to the skin, or consumed, they enhance our experience and greatly influence flavors and aromas.
What are they used for?
Terpenes are usually added to products such as food, beverages, marinades, extracts to improve their scent or flavor as well as offer added benefits the terpenes provide.
They are also used in the development of cosmetic products, organic gardening products, household cleaners, natural medicines, and perfumes.
How Do I Use Terpenes?
A Little At A Time!
A little bit goes a long way. Terpenes can be added to aromatherapy blends, diffusers, lotions, edibles, tinctures, cocktails, homemade cleaners, bug repellents, plant extracts, and generally used as you might an essential oil.
Undiluted Terpenes are POTENT!
They should never be consumed, inhaled or applied to the skin as is.
The dilution can vary depending on the isolated terpene, blend or flavor, desired outcome, personal experience, and preferences, but as a rule of thumb, stay within 1-5% concentration by volume.
Terpenes must be handled carefully. Always use the Safety Data Sheets before using the terpenes. These sheets containt everything you need to know including protective equipment, hazardous and preventative instructions.
What Are the most common Terpenes?
and what kind of benefits do they offer?
Below are some of the most common Terpenes, where they derive from and what added benefits they can offer.
Also Found in: Pine Needles, Rosemary, Basil, Parsley, Dill
Potential Effects: Alertness, Memory Retention, Counteracts some THC effects
Potential Medical Value: Treatment of Asthma, Pain, Inflammation, Ulcers, Anxiety, Cancer
Aroma: Sweet, Herbal, and Woody
Also Found in: Mint, Parsley, Pepper, Basil, Mangoes, Orchids, Kumquats
Potential Medical Value: Antiviral, Anti-fungal, Antiseptic, Decongestant, Antibacterial
Also Found in: Fruit Rinds, Rosemary, Juniper, Peppermint
Potential Effects: Elevated Mood, Stress Relief
Potential Medical Value: Treatment of Anxiety, Depression, Inflammation, Pain, and Cancer
Aroma: Pepper, Spicy, Woody, Cloves
Also Found in: Black Pepper, Cloves, Cinnamon
Potential Effects: Stress Relief
Potential Medical Value: Treatment of Pain, Anxiety/Depression, Ulcers
Also Found in: Lavender
Potential Effects: Mood enhancement, sedation
Potential Medical Value: Treatment of Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, Pain, Inflammation, and Neurodegenerative Disease
Aroma: Hops, Woody, Earthy
Also Found in: Hops, Coriander, Cloves, Basil
Potential Medical Value: Anti-Inflammatory
Aroma: Cardamom, Cloves, Musky, Earthy
Also Found in: Mango, Lemongrass, Thyme, Hops
Potential Effects: Sedating “Couchlock” Effect, Relaxing
Potential Medical Value: Antioxidant; Treatment of Insomnia, Pain, and Inflammation